Mantle Convection

Plate tectonics and mantle convection, Constraining mantle flow from seismic tomography, Maxwell viscoelastic material, Spherical harmonics, Mantle viscosity, Creep mechanisms, Governing equations, Constraints of mantle flow modeling: geoid and dynamic topography, Thermal evolution of the Earth, Convection in other planets.


  • Schubert, G., Turcotte, D., and Olson, P., Mantle convection in the earth and planets, Cambridge University Press, 2001.
  • Turcotte, D., and Schubert, G., Geodynamics. Cambridge University Press, 2nd edition, 2001.
  • Fowler, C.M.R., The Solid Earth: An Introduction to Global Geophysics, Cambridge University Press, 2005.