Advanced Chemical Oceanography

This is a course designed to delve in to the application of chemical oceanography, especially that of isotope tracers, to understand the long-term evolution of seawater and climate. The topics covered in the course will broadly include the: (1) the long-term evolution of seawater chemistry from the perspective of strontium, magnesium, osmium, and lithium isotopes; (2) changes in magnesium to calcium ratio of seawater over time; (3) boron isotopes and their application in pH reconstruction; (4) seawater carbonate chemistry – what controls the pH and alkalinity of seawater; (5) proxies and their application in paleoceanography.


  • Tracers in the Sea – Broecker and Peng, LDEO Press, 1983

  • CO2 in Seawater – Zeebe and Wolf-Gladrow, Elsevier Oceanography Series, 2003

  • Isotope Geochemistry – William White, Wiley Blackwell, 2015